Difference between revisions of "Tanakh"

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[[Image:Tanakh - Hardcover - USA.jpg|thumb|256x256px|A modern printing of the Tanakh in Hebrew and English.]]
 
[[Image:Tanakh - Hardcover - USA.jpg|thumb|256x256px|A modern printing of the Tanakh in Hebrew and English.]]
  
The '''Tanakh''' is a compilation of [[Judaism|Jewish ]]scriptures that would later be used as the source for the various Christian [[old testament|old testaments]]. The word "Tanakh" is derived from three main sources used to make the compilation: the [[Torah]], [[Nevi'im]], and [[Ketuvim]]. While the number of books that make up the Tanakh is widely agree upon, as with all ancient manuscripts, there is no one official version of the Tanakh because various Jewish sects use different and conflicting sources for each book.
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The '''Tanakh''' is a compilation of [[Judaism|Jewish ]]scriptures that would later be used as the source for the various Christian [[old testament|old testaments]]. The word "Tanakh" is derived from three main sources used to make the compilation: the [[Torah]], [[Nevi'im]], and [[Ketuvim]]. While the specific books that make up the Tanakh is widely agree upon, as with all ancient manuscripts, there is no one official version of the Tanakh because various Jewish sects use different and conflicting sources for each book.
  
 
==Books==
 
==Books==
 +
There is not official order of the books of the Tanakh, but this is one of the most common orders:
 +
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Hebrew Title !! English Translation !! Alternate Title
 
! Hebrew Title !! English Translation !! Alternate Title
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|-
 
|-
 
| Mal’ākhî (מַלְאָכִי) || Malachi || [[Book of Malachi]]
 
| Mal’ākhî (מַלְאָכִי) || Malachi || [[Book of Malachi]]
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="3" style="text-align:center;" | '''Ketuvim''' (כְּתוּבִים‎) [Writings]
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="3" style="text-align:center;" | ''Sifrei Emet'' (סִפְרֵי אֶמֶת‎‎) [Documents of Truth]
 +
|-
 +
| Tehillim (תְהִלִּים) || Psalms || [[Book of Psalms]]
 +
|-
 +
| Mishlei (מִשְׁלֵי) || Proverbs || [[Book of Proverbs]]
 +
|-
 +
| Iyyôbh (אִיּוֹב) || Job || [[Book of Job]]
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="3" style="text-align:center;" | ''Hamesh Megillot'' (חמש מגילות‎‎) [Five Scrolls]
 +
|-
 +
| Shīr Hashīrīm (שִׁיר הַשִּׁירִים) || Song of Songs || [[Song of Solomon]]
 +
|-
 +
| Rūth (רוּת) || Ruth || [[Book of Ruth]]
 +
|-
 +
| Eikhah (אֵיכָה) || Lamentations || [[Book of Lamentations]]
 +
|-
 +
| Qōheleth (קֹהֶלֶת) || Ecclesiastes || [[Book of Ecclesiastes]]
 +
|-
 +
| Estēr (אֶסְתֵר) || Esther || [[Book of Esther]]
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="3" style="text-align:center;" | ''Other Books''
 +
|-
 +
| Dānî'ēl (דָּנִיֵּאל) || Daniel || [[Book of Daniel]]
 +
|-
 +
| ‘Ezrā (עֶזְרָא) || Esther || [[Book of Ezra]] and [[Book of Nehemiah]]
 +
|-
 +
| Divrei ha-Yamim (דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים) || Chronicles || [[Books of Chronicles]]
 
|}
 
|}
  

Revision as of 09:41, 12 June 2019

A modern printing of the Tanakh in Hebrew and English.

The Tanakh is a compilation of Jewish scriptures that would later be used as the source for the various Christian old testaments. The word "Tanakh" is derived from three main sources used to make the compilation: the Torah, Nevi'im, and Ketuvim. While the specific books that make up the Tanakh is widely agree upon, as with all ancient manuscripts, there is no one official version of the Tanakh because various Jewish sects use different and conflicting sources for each book.

Books

There is not official order of the books of the Tanakh, but this is one of the most common orders:

Hebrew Title English Translation Alternate Title
Torah (תּוֹרָה) [Teaching]
Bereshit (בְּרֵאשִׁית) In the Beginning Book of Genesis
Shemot (שְׁמֹות) The Names Book of Exodus
Vayikra (וַיִּקְרָא) And He Called Book of Leviticus
Bemidbar (בְּמִדְבַּר) In the Desert Book of Numbers
Devarim (דְּבָרִים) Things Book of Deuteronomy
Nevi'im (נְבִיאִים‎) [Prophets]
Nevi'im Rishonim (נביאים ראשונים‎) [Former Prophets]
Yĕhôshúa‘ (יְהוֹשֻעַ) Joshua Book of Joshua
Shophtim (שֹׁפְטִים) Judges Book of Judges
Shmû’ēl (שְׁמוּאֵל) Samuel Books of Samuel
M'lakhim (מְלָכִים) Judges Book of Kings
Nevi'im Aharonim (נביאים אחרונים‎) [Later Prophets]
Yĕsha‘ăyāhû (יְשַׁעְיָהוּ) Isaiah Book of Isaiah
Yirmyāhû (יִרְמְיָהוּ) Jeremiah Book of Jeremiah
Yĕkhezqiēl (יְחֶזְקֵאל) Ezekiel Book of Ezekiel
Trei Asar (תרי עשר‎‎) [The Twelve] (Considered one book)
Hôshēa‘ (הוֹשֵׁעַ) Hosea Book of Hosea
Yô’ēl (יוֹאֵל) Joel Book of Joel
‘Āmôs (עָמוֹס) Amos Book of Amos
‘Ōvadhyāh (עֹבַדְיָה) Obadiah Book of Obadiah
Yônāh (יוֹנָה) Jonah Book of Jonah
Mîkhāh (מִיכָה) Micah Book of Micah
Nakḥûm (נַחוּם) Nahum Book of Nahum
Khăvhakûk (חֲבַקּוּק) Habakkuk Book of Habakkuk
Tsĕphanyāh (צְפַנְיָה) Zephaniah Book of Zephaniah
Khaggai (חַגַּי) Haggai Book of Haggai
Zkharyāh (זְכַרְיָה) Zechariah Book of Zechariah
Khaggai (חַגַּי) Haggai Book of Haggai
Mal’ākhî (מַלְאָכִי) Malachi Book of Malachi
Ketuvim (כְּתוּבִים‎) [Writings]
Sifrei Emet (סִפְרֵי אֶמֶת‎‎) [Documents of Truth]
Tehillim (תְהִלִּים) Psalms Book of Psalms
Mishlei (מִשְׁלֵי) Proverbs Book of Proverbs
Iyyôbh (אִיּוֹב) Job Book of Job
Hamesh Megillot (חמש מגילות‎‎) [Five Scrolls]
Shīr Hashīrīm (שִׁיר הַשִּׁירִים) Song of Songs Song of Solomon
Rūth (רוּת) Ruth Book of Ruth
Eikhah (אֵיכָה) Lamentations Book of Lamentations
Qōheleth (קֹהֶלֶת) Ecclesiastes Book of Ecclesiastes
Estēr (אֶסְתֵר) Esther Book of Esther
Other Books
Dānî'ēl (דָּנִיֵּאל) Daniel Book of Daniel
‘Ezrā (עֶזְרָא) Esther Book of Ezra and Book of Nehemiah
Divrei ha-Yamim (דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים) Chronicles Books of Chronicles

Links

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