Nonhuman persons

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Nonhuman persons are entities which are not Homo sapiens but still qualify as a person. In common parlance, the words "human" and "person" are used interchangeably, because, for the most part, every human being is a person, and there don't appear to be any nonhuman persons in existence. However, I think that there are three different categories of entities that are not humans, but are still people. These three categories don't appear to exist in the real world, but all appear to be possible.

Intelligent Aliens

While there is not credible evidence of life on other planets, there doesn't appear to be anything special about the formation of life on Earth that would make it impossible to form on other planets as well (a process called abiogenesis.

If we were to meet an extraterrestrial life form, and it were sufficiently intelligent, it would be proper to call it a person. Examples of nonhuman aliens from fiction include Chewbacca from Star Wars, the Na'vi from Avatar, and E.T. from E.T. the Extraterrestrial.

Artificial Intelligence

Examples of artificial intelligence from fiction include Data from Star Trek: The Next Generation, the replicants from BladeRunner, and Marvin from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.

Evolved Animals

As an example from fiction, the apes from Planet of the Apes.