Difference between revisions of "King's Quest V: Absence Makes the Heart Go Yonder!"

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==Technical==
 
==Technical==
King's Quest V uses [[Video Graphics Array|VGA]] graphics supporting up 256 colors on the screen at a time. In order to have more attractive graphics, each screen uses a different set of colors. However, to ensure that sprites like King Graham and Cedric use the same colors on every screen, 64 colors from the total 256 are the same in every screen. These are eight shades of gray, red, orange, yellow, green, cyan, blue, and magenta. The remaining 192 colors are based on the artwork of the background artwork. This is why the sprites of KQ5 kind of stand out from the background, and why they're all made of similar colors.
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[[Image:King's Quest V - DOS - Palettes.png|thumb|256x256px|Example color palettes in King's Quest V.]]
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Unlike its predecessors, King's Quest V uses [[Video Graphics Array|VGA]] graphics, however, many other games of the era used VGA graphics, but still didn't look nearly as impressive, so how did Sierra accomplish this feat? They used a couple different tricks.
 +
 
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First, the background images were painted using traditional brush and canvas methods. From there, they were digitally scanned into a computer. However, since VGA only supports 256 colors on the screen at a time, the graphics had to undergo color-reduction. Many games of the time use a single palette of the same 256 colors for an entire game, but Sierra wisely used a different set for each background. This allowed the graphics to be more stunning because they could adjust the palette as needed. For example, in the diagram to the right, the top image of Crispin's house has a creek in front of it, so the palette has various shades of blue, but the bottom image below is a forest path, so the palette is mostly green and brown with only a little cyan for the sky.
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But there is a problem with using a unique palette for each screen. The sprites, like Graham and Cedric, and the menu bar must look the same on every screen, but if the palette keeps changing, so too will the sprites. So, the designers took the first 64 colors of the palette and made it constant throughout the game. All the games animated objects, menu system, and dialog boxes are made from these colors, while the background is made up of the remaining 192 colors. Actually, the last color is always white, so it's really 65 and 191.
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 +
As you decrease the number of colors used for either section, the pixels become more obvious. With three times as many colors, the backgrounds look much nicer than the sprites. And, with only shades of gray, red, orange, yellow, green, cyan, blue, and magenta with which to draw the sprites, all the animations must be made from the same eight colors. This is why the sprites of KQ5 stand out so much from the background. [[King's Quest VI: Heir Today, Gone Tomorrow]] uses a similar system, but the color palette used for sprites has more natural colors resulting in more realistic sprites.
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One other thing to note is how the colors used for the background images are all jumbled up, while the sprite colors are highly ordered; this clues us into another aspect of the development process. The backgrounds were painted using traditional methods and then scanned and reduced down to 192 distinct colors using a computer algorithm. This results in an optimal color palette, that looks messy to humans, but works just fine for computers. In the case of the sprites, the color palette was made first, and then the sprites were drawn from it, completely digitally on a computer.
  
 
==Links==
 
==Links==

Revision as of 15:06, 8 October 2018

The revised box art.

King's Quest V: Absence Makes the Heart Go Yonder is a graphical adventure game developed and published by Sierra On-Line and released for MS-DOS in 1990 and later ported to several other platforms including the NES. Although this game pioneers Sierra's upgraded SCI1 engine which uses 256 colors, a 16-color version was also made for those stuck with an EGA card. In the game, King Graham returns from a stroll to find that his castle, and his family, have disappeared! A friendly owl named Cedric takes Graham far away to the land of Serenia to meet with his master, a wizard named Crispin. From Crispin, Graham learns that his castle was magicked away by an evil wizard named Mordack who Graham must vanquish.

I first played this game shortly after it was released at my cousin's house. Each weekend, I would come over, and we would get a little further in the game. My cousin eventually beat during the week, and he showed me the ending when I came over the following weekend. After buying the King's Quest Collection on Steam, I decided to play the game through again. It was then that I realized that there was a small portion of the game that I hadn't seen at all. So, having very little memory of it, I played the game through to completion and beat it completely by myself on 2018-10-07.

Status

I own King's Quest V in the King's Quest Collection on Steam. I have beaten it.

Review

Good

  • The background graphics are phenomenal for the time, and still impressive decades later.
  • Many actions that other games would simply describe are fully animated, and animated well.
  • The graphic icon menu and cursor system, though it simplifies the game, is well-designed. The icons and cursors are intuitive and well-drawn.
  • The music is very well-suited for the game.
  • The updated features of the SCI-1 engine, 256 colors, more audio devices, graphic cursors, etc. are fantastic.
  • The CD-ROM version of the game has full speech. The voice acting of the Narrator and King Graham are both pretty great. Also, new portrait boxes were drawn with mouth animation that has been synced to the voice-acting fairly well.
  • The game has some pretty great puns.

Bad

  • To help with immersion, I think adventure games should be designed in such a way that a very careful and observant player should be able to beat the game without dying. However, a large percentage of the puzzles in KQ5 require you to first die in order to have information available to solve a later puzzle.
  • There aren't any alternate ways to solve puzzles that also have a path to victory, and only a handful of optional puzzles, making the point system... well... pointless.
  • The sprite graphics are poorly colored. It's clear that they were originally drawn using the default EGA palette and then upgraded to 256 color.
  • The mouse cursor flickers so much it's distracting.
  • There are effectively only four puzzle types to the game: finding a hidden item, mapping a maze, figuring out which items can be used on an object, and movement puzzles. The designers probably could have come up with more diverse puzzles.
  • A couple of the puzzles are a bit abstract, while others are incredibly obvious.
  • I don't care for the slapstick comedy in the game or the stupid magic words used by Crispin in the ending.
  • Though he's supposed to be a hero, Graham never fails to take advantage of someone else's misfortune. Oh, this golden needle is yours? Give me the cloak! Your spinning wheel? I'll take your child's favorite toy as payment!
  • The revolving perspective of the labyrinth under Mordack's castle seems to have been designed just to be hard to map, which is rather annoying.
  • Mordack's castle in general is both dull and frustrating. Most of the rooms are essentially empty except for some random encounters that force you to watch a long death animation before being able to restore, and only one of which can be stopped permanently. Waiting for Mordack to fall asleep is especially unreasonable.
  • Dink and the blue beast don't really fit with the fantasy world.
  • The CD-ROM voice acting for the bulk of the secondary characters is pretty bad.
  • The CD-ROM version occasionally crashes with an "Out of handles!" error message.
  • For some reason, several of the graphics, the portraits especially, have small sections of repeated graphics indicating that they weren't originally drawn to the correct size, and then copy-pasted to be larger.

Ugly

  • There are far too many ways to put the game into an unwinnable state. Although a large portion of them are fairly obvious, a few are pretty sneaky.
  • Some of the puzzles have completely ridiculous moon-logic solutions.

Media

Box Art

Documentation

Maps

Videos

Technical

Example color palettes in King's Quest V.

Unlike its predecessors, King's Quest V uses VGA graphics, however, many other games of the era used VGA graphics, but still didn't look nearly as impressive, so how did Sierra accomplish this feat? They used a couple different tricks.

First, the background images were painted using traditional brush and canvas methods. From there, they were digitally scanned into a computer. However, since VGA only supports 256 colors on the screen at a time, the graphics had to undergo color-reduction. Many games of the time use a single palette of the same 256 colors for an entire game, but Sierra wisely used a different set for each background. This allowed the graphics to be more stunning because they could adjust the palette as needed. For example, in the diagram to the right, the top image of Crispin's house has a creek in front of it, so the palette has various shades of blue, but the bottom image below is a forest path, so the palette is mostly green and brown with only a little cyan for the sky.

But there is a problem with using a unique palette for each screen. The sprites, like Graham and Cedric, and the menu bar must look the same on every screen, but if the palette keeps changing, so too will the sprites. So, the designers took the first 64 colors of the palette and made it constant throughout the game. All the games animated objects, menu system, and dialog boxes are made from these colors, while the background is made up of the remaining 192 colors. Actually, the last color is always white, so it's really 65 and 191.

As you decrease the number of colors used for either section, the pixels become more obvious. With three times as many colors, the backgrounds look much nicer than the sprites. And, with only shades of gray, red, orange, yellow, green, cyan, blue, and magenta with which to draw the sprites, all the animations must be made from the same eight colors. This is why the sprites of KQ5 stand out so much from the background. King's Quest VI: Heir Today, Gone Tomorrow uses a similar system, but the color palette used for sprites has more natural colors resulting in more realistic sprites.

One other thing to note is how the colors used for the background images are all jumbled up, while the sprite colors are highly ordered; this clues us into another aspect of the development process. The backgrounds were painted using traditional methods and then scanned and reduced down to 192 distinct colors using a computer algorithm. This results in an optimal color palette, that looks messy to humans, but works just fine for computers. In the case of the sprites, the color palette was made first, and then the sprites were drawn from it, completely digitally on a computer.

Links