JPEG

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JPEG or JPG, is an electronic image format created by the Joint Photographic Experts Group in 1992. The format uses a discrete cosine transform to achieve a lossy encoding which can reduce typical photographs to about 1/10th their original size with only minor visual degradation. In 2000, the Joint Photographic Experts Group tried to replace the format with a superior JPEG 2000 format, but few programs adopted since it was only marginally better than the original. Although the format is still especially popular, it is slowly being replaced by the lossy encoding of WEBP which not only compresses at a better rate, and supports a lot of new features, but is also the official Internet lossy bitmap graphic format.

Software

Program Functions Notes
Corel Draw Open, Save Can import and export to JPEG.
Corel Photo-Paint Open, Edit, Save Supports many different format options including JPEG 2000.
foobar2000 Open Primary format for embedded album art.
GraphicsGale Open, Edit, Save Supports some features.
ImageMagick Open, Edit, Save Supports pretty much every format option, including JPEG 2000.
Inkscape Open, Save Can import and export to JPEG.
IrfanView Open Can open and display JPEG images.
JPEGOptim Open, Save Can significantly increase the compression ratio either lossless or lossy.
LibreOffice Open, Save Can import and export to JPEG.
Paint.net Open, Edit, Save Supports some features.
XPDF Save Can extract JPEG images from PDF files.

Links

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