The Moon

Earth has one natural satellite and that is the Moon. The moon is the second largest object in the night sky from Earth's perspective, and it would have been noticeable to our ancestors of ancient times. Mystery has always shrouded the moon, and it has held a place in the myths and legends of every culture on Earth. This page has been created to give you a little more information about the moon than you're used to getting.


Phases of the Moon

Most people don't know the proper names of the moon's phases. Here is a quick list to help you remember.

Full Moon

Gibbous Waning

Last Quarter

Crescent Waning

New Moon

Crescent Waxing

First Quarter

Gibbous Waxing


Moon Facts

  • A lunar orbit takes 27.32166 days. A lunar cycle is 29.53059 days.
  • A blue moon occurs when there are two full moons in the same month. (The moon isn't actually blue! Go fig!)
  • The moon orbits 384,400 kilometers above the Earth.
  • The moon's diameter is 3476 kilometers, compared to Earth's 12,756.3 km.
  • The moon weighs: 73,490,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilograms.
  • In ancient cultures, the Moon was called: Luna (Roman), and Artemis (Greek).
  • The moon travels at 1.03 kilometers a second.
  • The average day temperature on the moon is 107 degrees Celsius, and at night it plummets to -153 degrees Celsius.
  • There isn't really a "dark" side of the moon. All sides of the moon receive light as it spins around the sun.
  • The word "lunatic" has the prefix luna, from the moon.

Moon Pictures


Names of Full Moons

Everyone has heard of the Harvest Moon, but most people don't know that there is a special name for every full moon for each month. The following lists show the names of the full moons, from how they are named now, to the native American Indian's name, even to the Medieval names.

Common Full moon names
January - Old Moon, Wolf Moon
February - Snow Moon
March - Sap Moon, Worm Moon, Crow Moon, Crust Moon
April - Grass Moon, Pink Moon
May - Milk Moon, Flower Moon
June - Rose Moon, Strawberry Moon
July - Thunder Moon, Buck Moon
August - Green Corn Moon, Corn Moon, Sturgeon Moon
September - Fruit Moon, Harvest Moon
October - Harvest Moon, Hunter's Moon
November - Frost Moon, Beaver Moon
December - Long Night Moon, Cold Moon

Native American Names
January - Wolf Moon
February - Snow Moon, Hunger Moon, Opening Buds Moon
March - Maple Sugar Moon, Worm Moon
April - Frog Moon, Pink Moon, Planter's Moon
May - Flower Moon, Budding Moon
June - Strawberry Moon
July - Blood Moon, Buck Moon
August - Moon of the Green Corn, Sturgeon Moon
September - Harvest Moon
October - Hunter's Moon, Moon of Falling Leaves
November - Beaver Moon
December - Cold Moon

Medieval English
January - Wolf Moon
February - Storm Moon
March - Chaste Moon
April - Seed Moon
May - Hare Moon
June - Dyad Moon
July - Mead Moon
August - Wort Moon
September - Harvest Moon
October - Blood Moon
November - Fog Moon
December - Oak Moon


Links

jgiesen.de/moonyear - Has a Java lunar layout for every year.
home.hiwaay.net/~krcool/Astro/moon - Keith's Moon Page.
nasa.gov - NASA's page. Lots of info on the moon.

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