- For a list of opcodes see 6502 Opcodes
An opcode (operation code) is the portion of a 6502 assembly instruction that specifies which operation to perform. This is to be distinguished from the operand, which is the portion of an instruction that is performed on. Not all opcodes need an operand.
In the example below, LDA is the opcode, #$20 is the operand, and the two combined makes an instruction.
0001:A9 20 LDA #$20 ; Loads #$20 into the accumulator.
Some opcodes require a 2-byte operand for memory addresses. Notice that the address is stored in Little-endian.
0009:4C 05 00 JMP $0005 ; Jump the program counter to $0005.
0001:18 CLC ; Clears the carry flag.