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Load Accumulator With Memory
Opcode: LDA
Operation: M → A
Status Register: Status-List.png

LDA (Load Accumulator With Memory) loads the accumulator with specified memory. It is probably the most-used opcode in 6502 assembly as it loads the most-used register. It is similar in function to LDX and LDY.


This pseudo C code shows how the LDA opcode functions when it is executed.

SET_NEGATIVE(Operand);        // Clears the Negative Flag if the Operand is $#00-7F, otherwise sets it.
SET_ZERO(Operand);            // Sets the Zero Flag if the Operand is $#00, otherwise clears it.
ACCUMULATOR = Operand;        // Stores the Operand in the Accumulator Register.

Addressing Modes

Addressing Mode Assembly Language Form Opcode # Bytes # Cycles
Immediate LDA #Operand A9 2 2
Zero Page LDA Operand A5 2 3
Zero Page, X LDA Operand, X B5 2 4
Absolute LDA Operand AD 3 4
Absolute, X LDA Operand, X BD 3 4*
Absolute, Y LDA Operand, Y B9 3 4*
(Indirect, X) LDA (Operand, X) A1 2 6
(Indirect), Y LDA (Operand), Y B1 2 5*
* Add 1 if page boundary is crossed.